What can I do to keep HIV from spreading?
HIV is spread through contact with blood, semen, vaginal fluid, or breast milk. The most common ways that people get infected with HIV are unprotected sex or sharing of needles for drug use. HIV can also be passed from mother to infant at birth or through breastfeeding.
To prevent spreading the virus to others:
HIV is not spread through everyday casual contact with people at school, work, home, or anywhere else.
HIV cannot be spread through contact with tears, sweat, or saliva, or by sharing objects like cups, phones, or toilet seats. HIV is not spread through mosquito bites, coughing, or hugging someone with HIV.
Safe Sex Basics
HIV is spread through blood, semen, and vaginal fluid. Any activity that does not allow blood, semen, or vaginal fluids to enter a person’s body is safe.
If I am HIV positive, can I have sex with another HIV positive person with no risk?
Even if both partners are HIV positive, there is still some risk. You or your sex partner could pass on other sexually transmitted diseases, including other forms of HIV that make it more difficult for the doctors to treat you.
It is extremely important that you protect yourself and your partner (HIV positive or not) by practicing safer sex.
More Frequently Asked HIV Questions
This material was developed by JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc., and funded by a Centers for Disease Control Prevention grant.