Rhode Island Hospital has been certified by The Joint Commission as a primary stroke center. Certification is available only to stroke programs in Joint Commission-accredited acute care hospitals. The Stroke Center at Rhode Island Hospital, under the direction of Brian Silver, MD, provides services to more than 900 adult and geriatric patients with suspected transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke annually in Rhode Island and southeastern Massachusetts.
As the region's only primary stroke center located within a Level 1 trauma center, Rhode Island Hospital is uniquely qualified to provide the most advanced clinical care to acute stroke patients. As such, Rhode Island Hospital provides back-up services to all primary stroke centers in the region. The primary stroke center at Rhode Island Hospital is the only program to bring together physicians, nurses and allied professionals representing neurology, neuroradiology, neurosurgery, emergency medicine, neurocritical care, medical critical care, pediatric neurology, physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech and language pathology and many more.
The incidence of stroke is on the rise, and Rhode Island Hospital recognizes the need to provide immediate medical attention to patients suffering a stroke, and to coordinate that care across various disciplines, said John B. Murphy, MD, chief medical officer at Rhode Island Hospital. Our ability to provide a wide range of services, bridging neurology, interventional neuro-radiology, critical care, emergency medicine and various therapies, enables us to provide the highest quality care to acute stroke patients.
The State of Rhode Island's Stroke Prevention Act of 2009 (H-5798 Substitute A) required that the department of health's division of EMS and the ambulance service advisory board work with primary stroke centers to establish pre-hospital care protocols, including plans for the triage and transport of stroke patients to the closest primary stroke center, bypassing health care facilities not designated as primary stroke centers.
A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to any part of the brain. Approximately every 40 seconds, someone in the United States has a stroke. In 2006, the most recent year that statistics are available, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported 421 deaths from stroke in Rhode Island, and the American Heart Association reports that stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in Rhode Island.
According to the 2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey results, adults in Rhode Island reported the following risk factors for heart disease and stroke:
Lifespan's other acute-care facilities, The Miriam Hospital and Newport Hospital, are also certified primary stroke centers.
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