Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium that produces toxins that cause diarrhea. It is usually associated with taking antibiotics.
C. difficile can cause irritation of the intestines. This irritation can damage the intestines, which may require surgery. In rare cases, C. difficile can even cause death.
C. difficile will sometimes resolve in two to three days after you have stopped taking antibiotics. C. difficile disease can usually be treated with other antibiotics, such as Flagyl and Vancomycin.