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  • Causes and Complications of Anorexia

  • Causes

    • Low self-esteem
    • Biochemical factors
    • Psychiatric disorders
    • Social and cultural pressures
    • Family pressures
    • Genetic predisposition

    Complications related to anorexia:

    • Heart disease-The heart may develop dangerous rhythms, blood flow is reduced, blood pressure may drop and cholesterol levels tend to rise.
    • Electrolyte imbalance-The dehydration and starvation of anorexia can reduce fluid and mineral levels, which can be life-threatening unless fluids and minerals are replaced.
    • Reproductive and hormonal abnormalities-Anorexia causes low levels of reproductive hormones, changes in thyroid hormones, increased levels of the stress hormones and long-term irregular or absent menstruation, which may cause sterility and bone loss.
    • Blood problems-Anemia, pernicious anemia caused by severely low levels of vitamin B12 and a life-threatening condition called pancytopenia are common among anorexics.
    • Neurological problems-Anorexics may suffer nerve damage and experience seizures, disordered thinking, loss of feeling and other nerve problems in the hands or feet.
    • Gastrointestinal problems-Bloating and constipation are both very common among anorexics.

    Treatment for anorexia