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  • Hasbro Children's Hospital Parents' Guide: Relieving Your Child's Pain

  • How Is Pain Medication Administered?

  • The health care team caring for your child may discuss a number of methods for administering pain medication. These methods include:

    • Oral - a tablet, capsule or liquid given by mouth. The tablet can be swallowed whole or crushed and mixed with food.
    • Topical - drugs in a cream or patch formula are applied onto the skin.
    • Rectal - the medication is given as a suppository to children who have difficulty taking the medication orally.
    • Subcutaneous - the drug is injected into the body with a needle just below the skin. Intravenous (IV) - the medicine is given through a vein, with IV fluid.
    • Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA) - your child can give himself/herself medicine by pushing a button. If he or she is on a PCA and you have not yet received an educational booklet, please request one from our staff.
    • Epidural - the drug is given through a small tube inserted into your child's back.
    • Intramuscular - medication is injected into the muscle; this is typically referred to as a shot.