VRE stands for vancomycin resistant enterococcus. Enterococcus is a bacterium that usually lives in the intestine. It usually does not make you sick unless it gets into your urine or blood. Some strains of enterococcus have become resistant to the antibiotic Vancomycin-these strains are known as vancomycin resistant enterococcus. This means the antibiotic Vancomycin will not treat a VRE infection.
VRE is spread through physical contact, and cannot be contracted through the air. It can spread from patient to patient on the hands of hospital staff or from items that are used on or by more than one person.
A stool or rectal swab culture can tell us if you have VRE. Cultures of other body fluids, such as urine, blood, or fluid from a wound may also show that you have VRE.