Sleep Medicine

Motivating Adherence to CPAP in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

To test the effectiveness of a motivational interviewing intervention combined with feedback vs. education on increasing adherence to CPAP in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

Principal Investigators:Belinda Borrelli, PhD (Subcontract PI) and Mark Aloia, PhD (Project PI)

Funding Agency: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Dates: 2007 - 2012

Sleep Duration and Pediatric Overweight: The Role of Eating Behaviors

This grant examines whether changing sleep duration in school-age children is associated with changes in leptin and ghrelin, the reinforcing value of food and eating and activity behaviors. (1-09-JF-22)

Principal Investigator:Chantelle Hart, PhD

Co-Investigators: Mary Carskadon, PhD:, Joseph Fava, PhD; Elissa Jelalian, PhD; and Judith Owens, MD
Funding Agency: The American Diabetes Association

Dates: 2009 - 2011

Increasing Sleep Duration: A Novel Approach to Weight Control

This project, which establishes the Center for Behavioral Intervention Development (CBID), seeks to translate the basic science on sleep duration into a novel intervention to reduce obesity and obesity-related co- morbidities. The project involves a programmatic series of studies to develop a sleep and weight loss intervention. The target population for these studies will be young adults (age 25 - 45) where the association between sleep duration and obesity appears strongest, who are overweight or obese (BMI 25 - 40), and who currently sleep less than six and a half hours per night. This series of studies will be used to examine the effects of increases in sleep duration alone and in combination with a weight loss program on eating and exercise behaviors (measured objectively), and ultimately on body weight. The effects of increasing sleep duration on physiological, psychological and cognitive changes that may relate to the changes in eating and activity and adherence to weight control recommendations will also be examined. The CBID creates a new interdisciplinary team, including investigators in the areas of behavioral weight control, basic and clinical aspects of sleep, fMRI and neuropsychological assessment of cognitive function, eating and exercise behavior, and physiological changes associated with sleep and weight. (U01 CA150387-01)

Principal Investigator:Rena Wing, PhD

Co-Investigators: Dale Bond, PhD; Mary Carskadon, PhD; Robert Considine, PhD; Ron Cohen, PhD; Joseph Fava, PhD; Chantelle Hart, PhD; Jeanne McCaffery, PhD; Richard Millman, MD; George Papandonatos, PhD; Donn Posner, PhD; Hollie Raynor, PhD; Katherine Sharkey, MD; and Larry Sweet, PhD.
Funding Agency: The National Cancer Institute

Dates: 2009 - 2014