As we put on our pajamas and pull up the covers, our bodies are preparing to replenish our energy through what is called the sleep cycle. Sleep is divided into two distinct cycles: non-rapid eye movement (NREM) and rapid eye movement (REM). In addition, there are five stages of sleep which occur cyclically. A full sleep cycle has been completed after the REM stage has ended. Sleep cycles typically last for 100 minutes, and a person can complete all five sleep cycles in a typical night's sleep. There are multiple sleep disorders that may interrupt any or all stages of sleep. The type of treatment you receive depends on your sleep diagnosis.
Stages of Sleep
Stage 1 is the transition stage between being awake and being asleep. For a person not suffering from a sleep disorder, this stage can take about one to five minutes to occur.
Stage 2 is a period of light sleep. The body's heart rate and temperature decreases. At this stage of sleep, the body prepares to enter a deep sleep.
Stages 3 and 4 are deeper stages of sleep. Stage 4 is more of an intense sleep than stage 3. These stages are known as slow-wave, or delta, sleep.
Stage 5 is called REM sleep. This stage is distinguishable from the previous stages of sleep because it is characterized by rapid eye movements. During REM sleep, the body's heart rate and respiration speed up and become erratic, while the face, fingers and legs may slightly twitch. Intense dreaming occurs during this stage of sleep. This is the final stage of the sleep cycle and can last anywhere from ten minutes to an hour.