Minimally Invasive Urology Institute
Delivering Excellence in Urologic Patient Care, Education & Research

Prostate Cancer

We work in collaboration with oncologists at the Lifespan Cancer Institute and its Genitourinary Multidisciplinary Clinic, with the goal of precisely diagnosing and treating prostate, kidney, and bladder cancers as soon as possible.

Medical Imaging

We utilize various imaging technologies to give you the best care:

  • PET scans
  • Prostate MRI scans
  • High-resolution CT scans
  • Ultrasound


We use diagnostic tests to help identify prostate, kidney, and bladder cancers:

  • Fluciclovine PET

Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer

Our prostate cancer therapies include:

  • Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, using minimally invasive, robot-assisted surgery
  • Robot-assisted laparoscopic pelvic lymph node dissection, in which a pelvic lymph node is removed and sent for pathology analysis
  • Brachytherapy, an internal radiation therapy delivered by implant of small radioactive seeds at the site of the tumor

Minimally Invasive Surgery for Prostate Cancer

At the institute, we use minimally invasive, robot-assisted surgery to treat prostate cancer. The da Vinci Surgical System is a state-of-the-art surgical robot that gives surgeons more precise views of the prostate and surrounding tissue, as well as greater dexterity. Benefits of surgery with the system could include preservation of the nerves located along the prostate. The goal for the nerve-sparing, robotic prostatectomy is to enable the patient to retain sexual function. Additional benefits may include:

  • Smaller surgical incisions of one inch or less
  • Less intraoperative blood loss and need for blood transfusion
  • Reduced postoperative pain and discomfort
  • Shorter hospital stay (one day)
  • Shorter catheter duration (seven to 10 days)
  • Faster overall recovery

For certain patients, additional therapies may also be used.

With the da Vinci Surgical System the surgeon controls the robot from a remote console that precisely translates hand, wrist and finger movements to the robotic arms that manipulate miniature surgical instruments within the patient. The video screen provides a three-dimensional, magnified view of those movements. Using the robot, the surgeon makes small keyhole openings rather than a single large incision. The surgeon then completes the surgery through the small openings.

What are the differences between Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) and Prostate Cancer?